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Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education, Kiel

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  • 1
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    DEU
    In:  Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | 2 | 1 | 27-37
    Publication Date: 2018-07-27
    Description: This paper is qualitative and theoretical research of the concept of freedom, perceived through different epistemological traditions. The research focus is laid on the phenomenon of freedom in the frames of liberal ontological and epistemological tradition, freedom as a derivative of the individual liberty, and how the individual liberty remains a precondition for evolving freedom. The beginning is characterized as a comparison between the different freedom traditions, starting with collective freedom traditions, following individualist freedom traditions and finalizing with operationalization of individual liberty. The process of operationalization of liberty, or presenting it as an organizational and regulation principle, leads to demystification of freedom in individualistic traditions, and indicates its tight connection with individual liberty.
    Keywords: Philosophie ; Philosophy ; individual liberty; individual space; individual action ; Philosophie, Theologie ; Philosophy, Ethics, Religion ; Freiheit ; Operationalisierung ; Liberalismus ; Individualität ; Erkenntnistheorie ; freedom ; operationalization ; liberalism ; individuality ; epistemology
    Type: Zeitschriftenartikel , journal article
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  • 2
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    MISC
    In:  Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | 2 | 1 | 60-74
    Publication Date: 2018-07-27
    Description: Unfortunately, modern liberals have long misrepresented and misused the foundational principles of liberalism, in order to claim that the fundamental function of every democratic state is the pursuit of its citizens’ liberty, as well as to viciously attack all states and leaders that do not consider liberty to be sacrosanct. Via an appeal to the essential works of liberalism and realism, this paper has thoroughly contradicted the claims of modern liberalism and has definitively argued that security, not liberty, is the fundamental purpose of every state. Furthermore, this paper has comprehensively analyzed the USA, in order to demonstrate that, if a state sacrifices the liberty of its citizenry in order to maintain its national security, then the state’s actions are not merely just and ethical vis-à-vis its citizenry, but, rather, fulfill the state’s fundamental, protective, function and are, in fact, an inevitable, benevolent, aspect of the state’s existence.
    Keywords: Politikwissenschaft ; Political science ; Allgemeines, spezielle Theorien und Schulen, Methoden, Entwicklung und Geschichte der Politikwissenschaft ; Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Political Science ; politisches System ; Tocqueville, A. ; Liberalismus ; Freiheit ; Demokratie ; Freiheitsrecht ; Locke, J. ; Machiavelli, N. ; USA ; Montesquieu ; Sicherheit ; politische Ideologie ; political ideology ; rights of personal liberty ; security ; Tocqueville, A. ; liberalism ; Montesquieu ; Machiavelli, N. ; democracy ; political system ; Locke, J. ; freedom ; United States of America
    Type: journal article , Zeitschriftenartikel
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2022-04-08
    Description: A think-tank debate in the United States that emerged in the summer of 2021 illustrates challenges to Western policy toward Eastern Europe in general, and to U.S. policy toward Ukraine in particular. Stereotypes of a post-Soviet Ukraine characterized by ultra-nationalism and authoritarianism spread by Russian propaganda resonate not only in leftist but also in other political circles. This commentary responds to two recent contributions by Ted Galen Carpenter calling for an end to U.S. support for Ukraine. https://www.psoyearbook.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/Ukrainian-Domestic-and-U.S.-Foreign-Affairs.pdf
    Keywords: Internationale Beziehungen ; International relations ; internationale Beziehungen, Entwicklungspolitik ; International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy ; Ukraine ; USA ; Außenpolitik ; Osteuropa ; Geopolitik ; internationale Beziehungen ; Abrüstung ; Atomwaffensperrvertrag ; Ukraine ; United States of America ; foreign policy ; Eastern Europe ; geopolitics ; international relations ; disarmament ; Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty ; 10500
    Type: Zeitschriftenartikel , journal article
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  • 4
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    MISC
    In:  Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | 6 | 1 | 48-69
    Publication Date: 2020-05-08
    Description: The paper focuses on the analysis of the problem of defining the crime of aggression in the international law and international relations, focusing primarily on the historical development of the term from its initial directed efforts, all the way to its modern outcomes. Observing in a historical manner, the establishment of the definition of the crime of aggression, as well as its aligning under criminal offenses has encountered several obstacles which resulted in a continuous delay of clear defining what exactly would the crime of aggression encompass. In order to fully understand the matter, the importance of several international documents is undeniable, especially the Charter of the United Nations as well as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
    Keywords: Recht ; Law ; Rome Statute ; Recht ; Law ; internationale Beziehungen ; internationales Recht ; Völkerrecht ; Strafrecht ; Internationaler Strafgerichtshof ; Aggression ; Strafverfolgung ; Verantwortung ; international relations ; international law ; law of nations ; criminal law ; International Criminal Court ; aggression ; prosecution ; responsibility
    Type: Zeitschriftenartikel , journal article
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-10-25
    Keywords: Geschichte ; History ; Social History, Historical Social Research ; Sozialgeschichte, historische Sozialforschung ; bibliography ; historical social research ; historische Sozialforschung ; Bibliographie
    Type: bibliography , Bibliographie
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2018-07-27
    Description: This study investigates migration flows from Western Balkans and North African countries to the high-income countries of the EU. Migration and asylum issues were analysed with taking into account empirical, analytical and political comparisons of Western Balkans and North African countries from the triple win solution point of view. The research attempts to emphasize Western Balkans migration experience in order to respond how to manage and/or control chaotic migration with respect to North African countries. In a sense, the EU enlargement and neighbourhood policies have significant effects on EU migration Dynamics of demographic change (i.e. ageing population) and convergence/divergence of EU member states’ priorities for migration policies. From this standpoint, the role of the triangle (hybridity) – state, private and civil society in migration research ought to be argued to verify whether a controlling migration by an ideal hybrid structure and indirect centralisation will be more effective and accurate or not. The research presents dialectics of triple win approach and hybrid model (i.e. home country-state, host country-private, and civil society migrants) with using governance models. The main argument was tested methodologically through using case study research, grounded theory, constructivist and normative approaches.
    Keywords: Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie ; Politikwissenschaft ; Social sciences, sociology, anthropology ; Political science ; Hybrid Model; controlling migration; social transformation; Western Balkans; indirect centralisation ; Migration ; Europapolitik ; Migration, Sociology of Migration ; European Politics ; Migration ; internationale Wanderung ; Südosteuropa ; Nordafrika ; EU ; Migrationspolitik ; Asylpolitik ; Governance ; internationale Beziehungen ; EU-Erweiterung ; Nachbarschaftspolitik ; europäische Integration ; migration ; international migration ; Southeastern Europe ; North Africa ; EU ; migration policy ; asylum policy ; governance ; international relations ; EU expansion ; neughborhood policy ; European integration ; 10500
    Type: Arbeitspapier , working paper
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  • 7
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    MISC
    In:  Journal of Liberty and International Affairs | 1 | 2 | 8-23
    Publication Date: 2018-07-27
    Description: "The goal of the paper is to depict the international responsibility of state as the closest link to the core, axiology and teleology of the international law. The concept of international responsibility could be interpreted as an inter-phase, a stadium between the state sovereignty in internal sense, on one hand and the ultimate goal of realistically feasible implementation of the principles of the international law, saliently with coercion (as a paramount hierarchical level), on the other. The focus would be on the actions, capacities and attributes of state as an active and passive subject of paramount significance in the establishment of international legal touchstones for its international responsibility, as well as on the contextual correlation among the international community, the state and specific international legal subsystems. The issue of quantification of the gravity of the wrongfulness of the act is essential for differential determination of the international responsibility of state." (author's abstract)
    Keywords: Recht ; Law ; Recht ; Law ; internationales Recht ; Souveränität ; Völkerrecht ; Verantwortung ; international law ; sovereignty ; law of nations ; responsibility ; 40100 ; 29900
    Type: Zeitschriftenartikel , journal article
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  • 8
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    In:  Studia Politica: Romanian Political Science Review | 12 | 1 | 9-22
    Publication Date: 2018-07-27
    Description: This paper is an attempt at reconstituting the emergence of the international mechanisms of criminal justice after the Cold War from the point of view of the articulation between the fundamental norm of the modern system of states -sovereignty- and the corpus of human rights, more precisely, on the regime formation of international criminal justice. Our approach will focus on the political, rather than on the legal aspects of this process. While it is difficult enough to conceptualize and to theoretically justify the link between sovereignty and the possibility for individuals to become subjects of international law, a further obstacle to the emergence of international criminal justice is the overcoming of the strategic interests of particular states, especially great powers, in establishing such a jurisdiction. Since international law remains politically negotiable, we will try to look into the political context that allowed for the developments that led, at the end of the 1990s, to the creation of the ICC, as well as to the transformation of the meaning of "sovereignty", in order to include the responsibility to protect citizens against ethnic cleansing, genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. Thus, some of the questions addressed in this contribution will be: which is the conceptual link between sovereignty and human rights? Subsequently, how do individuals become subjects of international law? Which is the extent of the "universality" of human rights? The linkage between these sets of questions might provide a critical perspective on the transformation of international politics.
    Keywords: Recht ; Politikwissenschaft ; Law ; Political science ; Recht ; Allgemeines, spezielle Theorien und Schulen, Methoden, Entwicklung und Geschichte der Politikwissenschaft ; Law ; Basic Research, General Concepts and History of Political Science ; Internationaler Strafgerichtshof ; Souveränität ; Menschenrechte ; Justiz ; Völkerrecht ; Strafrecht ; internationale Politik ; International Criminal Court ; sovereignty ; human rights ; judiciary ; law of nations ; criminal law ; international politics ; 10500 ; 40100
    Type: Zeitschriftenartikel , journal article
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-07-27
    Description: 'Der folgende Beitrag befasst sich mit einer Form christlicher Missionierung im sub-saharischen Afrika deren politische Bedeutung erheblich zunimmt: den evangelikalen Nicht-Regierungs Organisationen (NROs). Während die Zahl der NROs in der öffentlichen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit insgesamt bereits in den 1980er Jahren stark zunahm, stellen religiöse, insbesondere evangelikale Wohlfahrtsorganisationen erst seit der politischen Wende von 1990 ein überproportional wachsendes Segment in der NRO-Landschaft dar. Gründe für die zunehmende Popularität der christlichen Helfer sind neben ihrer guten internationalen Vernetzung und lokalen Anbindung ihre großen Ressourcen an Spendengeldern und ehrenamtlichen Mitarbeitern. Darüber hinaus halten manche Entwicklungsexperten sie für besonders geeignete Partner bei der Gestaltung von Bildungs- und Gesundheitsprogrammen, insbesondere in der AIDS Prävention. Evangelikale NROs, so wird argumentiert, bilden ein wichtiges Verbindungsglied im globalen evangelikalen Netzwerk zwischen Nord und Süd: Sie befördern Kirchengründungen in Afrika, stellen andererseits aber auch eine wesentliche Ressource für die christlich-konservative politische Bewegung in Nordamerika dar. Erst im Herbst 2001 setzte der amerikanische Präsident George W. Bush die sogenannte 'Faith-based and Community Initiative' (FBCI) in Kraft, die religiöse Organisationen verstärkt für die heimische wie überseeische Wohlfahrt rekrutieren soll. Am Beispiel der Länder Kenia und Uganda wird der Zusammenhang zwischen missionarischer Intervention und Privatisierungspolitik im Bildungssektor diskutiert. Dabei wird auch der politische Einfluss der evangelikalen Netzwerke beleuchtet.' (Autorenreferat)
    Description: 'This paper examines the public rote of a new type of Christian mission in sub-Saharan Africa: evangelical Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs). Since the early 1980s, NGOs have played an ever more prominent rote in development co-Operation. Yet within the non-governmental sector, faith-based organisations now seem to excel secular organisations, both in number and Budget. Their growing recognition can be explained in terms of their expanding international networks and well-established local alliances, as well as their steady supply in private funding and voluntary work forte. Faith-based NGOs, it will be argued, represent a vital component in the globally expanding evangelical network between the northern and southern hemispheres: By helping to advance church-planting campaigns in sub-Saharan Africa, faith-based NGOs broaden the international Support bases for conservative Christian groups in North America. In the fall of 2001, President George W. Bush approved a new government Programme that aims at expanding the share of religious organization in the domestic and international welfare sectors. This paper examines the link between foreign missionary interventions and the privatisation of public Services with reference to the education sector in Kenya and Uganda, and assesses the political implications of these developments.' (author's abstract)|
    Keywords: Internationale Beziehungen ; Politikwissenschaft ; International relations ; Political science ; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture ; International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy ; internationale Beziehungen, Entwicklungspolitik ; politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur ; Ostafrika ; Afrika südlich der Sahara ; Bildungsprogramm ; religiöse Bewegung ; Kenia ; Fundamentalismus ; Kirche ; anglophones Afrika ; Afrika ; politischer Einfluss ; Missionierung ; Entwicklungshilfe ; Entwicklungsland ; internationaler Vergleich ; Uganda ; nichtstaatliche Organisation ; evangelische Kirche ; English-speaking Africa ; non-governmental organization ; religious movement ; East Africa ; Uganda ; Africa ; educational program ; Protestant church ; political influence ; church ; international comparison ; Kenya ; missionary work ; development aid ; Africa South of the Sahara ; developing country ; fundamentalism ; descriptive study ; deskriptive Studie
    Type: journal article , Zeitschriftenartikel
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  • 10
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    Taylor & Francis | GBR | London
    In:  10 | Routledge/GARNET series: Europe in the world | XII,204
    Publication Date: 2018-07-27
    Description: Structures and processes occurring within and between states are no longer the only - or even the most important - determinants of those political, economic and social developments and dynamics that shape the modern world. Many issues, including the environment, health, crime, drugs, migration and terrorism, can no longer be contained within national boundaries. As a result, it is not always possible to identify the loci for authority and legitimacy, and the role of governments has been called into question. Civil Society anf International Governance critically analyses the increasing impact of nongovernmental organisations and civil society on global and regional governance. Written from the standpoint of advocates of civil society and addressing the role of civil society in relation to the UN, the IMF, the G8 and the WTO, this volume assess the role of various non-state actors from three perspectives: theoretical aspects, civil society interaction with the European Union and civil society and regional governance outside Europe, specifically Africa, East Asia and the Middle East. It demonstrates that civil society's role has been more complex than one defined in terms, essentially, of resistance and includes actual participation in governance as well as multi-facetted contributions to legitimising and democratising global and regional governance. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, international relations, civil society, sociology, European politics and global governance. Contents: Introduction: civil society and international governance (David Armstrong, Julie Gilson) (1-12). Part 1 Theory - Civil Society and the Democratisation of Global Public Space (Debora Spini) (15-30); Collective and Social Identity: A Theoretical Analysis of the Role of Civil Society in the Construction of Supra-National Societies (Valeria Bello) (31-48); Organized Civil Society and Political Representation in the EU Arena (Carlo Ruzza) (49-70). Part 2 The European Union - Europeanization of Non-State Actors: Towards a Framework for Analysis (Karolina Boronska-Hryniewiecka) (73-91); Between Localisation and Europeanisation: Non-Governmental Organisations in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Erica Panighello) (92-106); European Integration, Cross-Border Cooperation and Third-Sector Mobilizations in the Basque Country (Xabier Itçaina) (107-126). Part 3 Civil Society Outside Europe - Governance and Non-Governmental Organisations in East Asia: Building Region-Wide Coalitions (Julie Gilson) (129-147); Civil Society and Regional Governance in Eastern and Southern Africa (Andréas Godsäter, Frederik Söderbaum) (148-165); The Role of Civil Society in Regional Governance in the Middle East (Michael Schulz) (166-180); Transnational Labour Mobilization in the Americas (Marcelo Saguier) (181-197).
    Keywords: Internationale Beziehungen ; Politikwissenschaft ; International relations ; Political science ; Protest Movements ; International Politics ; International relations ; Sociology ; Political Process, Elections, Political Sociology, Political Culture ; International Relations, International Politics, Foreign Affairs, Development Policy ; internationale Beziehungen, Entwicklungspolitik ; politische Willensbildung, politische Soziologie, politische Kultur ; EU ; international relations ; civil society ; non-governmental organization ; Middle East ; Africa ; citizens' participation ; European integration ; decision making ; Far East ; non-profit sector ; global governance ; regional integration ; collective identity ; participation ; protest movement ; international politics ; cooperation ; Protestbewegung ; Non-Profit-Bereich ; Kooperation ; europäische Integration ; internationale Politik ; Afrika ; EU ; regionale Integration ; Ostasien ; Global Governance ; Bürgerbeteiligung ; Partizipation ; Nahost ; nichtstaatliche Organisation ; Zivilgesellschaft ; internationale Beziehungen ; Entscheidungsfindung ; kollektive Identität
    Type: Sammelwerk , collection
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