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Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education, Kiel

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  • 1
    In:  Italian Sociological Review | 11 | 2 | 467-484
    Publication Date: 2022-03-21
    Description: Italy is the cradle of Catholicism and, despite the secularization process, religion continues to be part of its national culture. Although Italian sociologists have investigated the religious paradigm in Italy, there are aspects of such phenomenon still little explored. This paper examines the potential influence religion has on individuals’ life satisfaction. Data from the European Value Study survey provides evidence of a two-way interaction between religion and life satisfaction, with a substantial effect only in the case of public religious forms. This association seems to be moved by the mechanism of social support, and it differs across Italian regions. Results confirm the hypothesis that in areas of Italy more exposed to social isolation religion is associated whit life satisfaction because, in those areas, religion supplies peoples’ need to belong. Further confirmation of this analysis came from the fact that in grey zones of “religious conformism” the influence of religion on life satisfaction is marginal.
    Keywords: Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Sociology & anthropology ; subjective well-being; life satisfaction; ZA7500: European Values Study 2017: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2017) ; Religionssoziologie ; Sociology of Religion ; Religion ; Religiosität ; Wohlbefinden ; Lebenszufriedenheit ; soziale Unterstützung ; regionaler Unterschied ; soziale Isolation ; Regressionsanalyse ; EVS ; Italien ; religion ; religiousness ; well-being ; satisfaction with life ; social support ; regional difference ; social isolation ; regression analysis ; EVS ; Italy ; 10200
    Type: Zeitschriftenartikel , journal article
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2021-08-18
    Description: The paper deals with the dimensions of social capital in the Slovak Republic. The aim is to assess how social capital is distributed socially among the citizens of the Slovak Republic and geographically among the regions of the country. Social capital is evaluated on a basis of the three dimensions, where networks, trust and civism belong. The paper analyses the data from the European Values Study survey, especially the 2008 wave. The results of this study show that social capital has kept a decreasing tendency in the Slovak Republic throughout the period from the year 1991 to the year 2008. The reasons behind this may lie in the historical development of the country - the transformation of the economy and the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic. With respect to a social distribution, social capital is generally higher among more educated, right-wing Slovaks with higher earnings. In the terms of a geographical distribution, the Trnava Region and the Trenčín Region appear to have less developed social capital compared to the other regions in Slovak Republic.
    Keywords: Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Sociology & anthropology ; ZA4800: European Values Study 2008: Integrated Dataset (EVS 2008) ; Soziologie von Gesamtgesellschaften ; Macrosociology, Analysis of Whole Societies ; Sozialkapital ; Region ; Regressionsanalyse ; Slowakei ; regionale Verteilung ; regionaler Unterschied ; Verteilung ; EVS ; Netzwerk ; Vertrauen ; Norm ; soziale Norm ; social capital ; region ; regression analysis ; Slovakia ; regional distribution ; regional difference ; distribution ; EVS ; network ; confidence ; standard ; social norm ; 10200
    Type: Zeitschriftenartikel , journal article
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