Circadian rhythm (growth rate)
Growth rate reduction
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Melatonin, a methoxylated indoleamine, plays a role as a mediator of darkness in animals as well as in the unicellular alga Gonyaulax polyedra Stein and was recently detected in higher plants. We report on the first finding of melatonin in a multicellular alga, the brown alga Pterygophora californica Rupr. Melatonin was identified in juvenile sporophytes of P. californica by two independent methods, reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection, and radioimmunoassay. Another indolic metabolite, 5-methoxytryptophol, was also indentified by HPLC. The rapid decline of growth rate upon the onset of darkness in P. californica is mimicked by melatonin in the light, with increasing efficiency from 5 × 10−5M to 5 × 10−4M, while no effect was obtained at 10−5M.
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