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Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education, Kiel

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  • 1
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    Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution Press
    Type of Medium: Unknown
    Pages: XII, 147 S.
    ISBN: 9780815703730
    Language: English
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  • 2
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: 228 Seiten , Diagramme, Karten
    Edition: 1. Auflage
    ISBN: 9783830936541 , 3830936540
    Language: German
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  • 3
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: XII, 262 S. , graph. Darst.
    ISBN: 9780262029179
    Series Statement: CESifo book series
    Language: English
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index
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  • 4
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    Bad Homburg v.d. Höhe : Herbert Quandt-Stiftung
    Type of Medium: Unknown
    Pages: 55 S.
    ISBN: 9783937831138
    Series Statement: Gedanken zur Zukunft
    Language: German
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  • 5
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    Munich: Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich
    Publication Date: 2015-06-11
    Description: The paper estimates the correlates of student performance across countries using student-level data from the PISA-2000 study. There is a substantial relationship of international student performance in math, science, and reading with institutional features. In particular, there are positive associations with accountability through external exit exams, school autonomy in personnel-management and process decisions, and private operation of schools. By contrast, there is no positive association with private school funding, and a negative association with autonomy in areas with scope for decentralized opportunistic behavior. Student performanceshows a positive relationship with school autonomy particularly where external exit exams are in place, highlighting the role of external exams as currency of school systems. Positive associations of student performance with resource endowments of schools are mainly related to resource quality. While there is a strong association with family background, computer availability at home shows even a negative relationship with student performance on basic skills, after holding other effects constant. The explanatory power of the model between countries is remarkable.
    Keywords: jel:I10 ; PISA ; Bildungsökonomik ; Schülerleistungen ; Bildungsproduktionsfunktion
    Language: German
    Type: Working Paper
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  • 6
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    Munich: Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich
    Publication Date: 2015-06-11
    Description: Mikroökonometrische Schätzungen anhand internationaler Schülerleistungstests zeigen,dass das Ausmaß, in dem Schülerleistungen mit dem familiären Hintergrund variieren,international sehr unterschiedlich ist. So weisen etwa Frankreich und Kanada wesentlichausgeglichenere Bildungschancen für Kinder unterschiedlicher familiärer Herkunft aufals Deutschland und Großbritannien. Verschiedene empirische Identifikationsstrategienbelegen, dass Schulsysteme mit späterer Mehrgliedrigkeit und einem umfassenderenVorschulsystem systematisch ausgeglichenere Bildungschancen bieten. Dagegen findetsich kein systematischer Zusammenhang der Chancengleichheit mit Ganztagsschulsystemen,dem Ausgabenniveau oder der Durchschnittsleistung.
    Keywords: jel:D63 ; jel:I28 ; Chancengleichheit ; Bildungsökonomik ; Schülerleistungen ; TIMSS ; familiärer Hintergrund ; soziale Selektivität ; Mehrgliedrigkeit ; Vorschulsystem
    Language: German
    Type: Working Paper
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  • 7
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    Munich: Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich
    Publication Date: 2015-06-11
    Description: Even though some countries track students into differing-ability schools by age 10, others keep their entire secondary-school system comprehensive. To estimate the effects of such institutional differences in the face of country heterogeneity, we employ an international differences-in-differences approach. We identify tracking effects by comparing differences in outcome between primary and secondary school across tracked and non-tracked systems. Six international student assessments provide eight pairs of achievement contrasts for between 18 and 26 cross-country comparisons. The results suggest that early tracking increases educational inequality. While less clear, there is also a tendency for early tracking to reduce mean performance. Therefore, there does not appear to be any equity-efficiency trade-off.
    Keywords: jel:I20 ; Tracking ; streaming ; ability grouping ; selectivity ; comprehensive school system ; educational performance ; inequality ; international student achievement test ; TIMSS ; PISA ; PIRLS
    Language: English
    Type: Working Paper
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  • 8
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    Munich: Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich
    Publication Date: 2015-06-11
    Description: This paper develops empirical growth models suitable for dual economies, and studiesthe relationship between structural change and economic growth. Changes in the structureof employment will raise aggregate productivity when the marginal product of labourvaries across sectors. The models in the paper incorporate this effect in a moreflexible way than previous work. Estimates of the models imply sizeable marginalproduct differentials, and indicate that the reallocation of labour makes a significantcontribution to the international variation in productivity growth.
    Keywords: jel:O11 ; jel:O40 ; Structural change ; dualism ; wage differentials ; TFP growth
    Language: English
    Type: Working Paper
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  • 9
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    Munich: Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich
    Publication Date: 2015-06-11
    Description: Die Öffentlichkeit hat ein Interesse zu wissen, ob politische Maßnahmen die mit ihnen verfolgten Ziele wirksam und wirtschaftlich erreichen. In empirischen Studien, die als Grundlage für evidenzbasierte Wirtschaftspolitik dienen können, werden häufig komplexe Methoden verwendet, um tatsächliche kausale Wirkungen von anderweitig verursachten Zusammenhängen zu unterscheiden. Der vorliegende Beitrag gibt einen nichttechnischen Überblick über Intuition und Anwendungsbeispiele des modernen wissenschaftlichen Instrumentariums zur Evaluierung kausaler Effekte. Die betrachteten ökonometrischen Methoden umfassen kontrolliert randomisierte Experimente, die Zufallsvergabe überzeichneter Programme, den Instrumentvariablen-Ansatz, den Regressions-Diskontinuitäten-Ansatz, den Differenzen-in-Differenzen-Ansatz sowie Panelmethoden mit fixen Effekten. Diese experimentellen und quasi-experimentellen Designs sollen der Wirtschaftspolitik helfen zu lernen, was funktioniert.
    Keywords: jel:C01 ; jel:C10 ; jel:C20 ; jel:D04 ; jel:J38 ; Ökonometrie ; Ökonometrische Methoden ; Bewertung ; Wissenschaftliche Methode ; Kausale Effekte ; Quasi-experimentelle Methode ; Wirtschaftspolitik
    Language: German
    Type: Working Paper
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2015-06-11
    Description: East Asian students regularly take top positions in international league tables of educational performance. Using internationally comparable student-level data, I estimate how family background and schooling policies affect student performance in five high-performing East Asian economies. Family background is a strong predictor of student performance in South Korea and Singapore, while Hong Kong and Thailand achieve more equalized outcomes. There is no evidence that smaller classes improve student performance in East Asia. But other schooling policies such as school autonomy over salaries and regular homework assignments are related to higher student performance in several of the considered countries.
    Keywords: jel:I20 ; jel:H52 ; jel:O15 ; Education production function ; East Asia ; family background ; class size ; school autonomy ; Bildungsniveau (STW) ; Allgemeinbildende Schule (STW) ; Familiensoziologie (STW) ; Schulpolitik (STW) ; Schätzung (STW) ; Ostasien (STW) ; Hongkong (STW) ; Japan (STW) ; Südkorea (STW) ; Singapur (STW) ; Thailand (STW) ; TIMSS (STW)
    Language: English
    Type: Working Paper
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