Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract Trehalase was studied in Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells growing vegetatively on minimal medium and in sporulating cultures. Acid trehalase activity, measured at pH 4.2, was absent in vegetative cells and occurred only in asci, indicating that this activity represented the sporulation-specific trehalase reported previously. In contrast, neutral trehalase, measured at pH 6.0, was constitutively present in vegetative cells during the expotential and stationary growth phase as well as in asci. In vegetative cells, neutral trehalase did not sediment with cell walls, suggesting a cytoplasmic localization. Its activity increased ten-fold when growing cells were subjected to heat treatment of 2 h. Neutral trehalase from heat-treated cells had a pH optimum of 6.0 and was almost completely inhibited by 3 mM ZnCl2. Acid trehalase activity could be measured in intact asci, indicating that it is localized in the ascus cell walls, while neutral trehalase was not detectable in intact asci and appeared to be present primarily in the walls of ascospores and in the ascus epiplasm.
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