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Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education, Kiel

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  • 1
    Type of Medium: Book
    Pages: X, 318 S. , Ill., graph. Darst.
    Edition: 2., überarb. Aufl.
    ISBN: 9783642343612 , 9783642343629
    Series Statement: Springer-Lehrbuch
    Language: German
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  • 2
    Article
    Article
    Bd. 40 (2009) H. 3, S. 106-110
    Keywords: Gruppenidentität ; Gedächtnis ; Sozialpsychologie ; Soziales Verhalten ; Sozialer Einfluss ; Realität
    In: Social psychology, Bd. 40 (2009) H. 3, S. 106-110, 1864-9335
    Description / Table of Contents: Introduces research presented in a special issue of Social Psychology which examines and investigates antecedents, processes, and consequences of social influence on memory. The contributions of six papers are outlined. The development of the field is reviewed, and main findings of research at the interface of memory and social psychology are discussed. It is concluded that the present studies contribute to a better understanding of the role of individual memory in basic social phenomena such as the interpersonal construction of reality, knowledge, and identity. (ZPID).
    Type of Medium: Article
    ISSN: 1864-9335
    Language: English
    FIS Link: 890159
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  • 3
    Keywords: Einstellung (Psy) ; Gedächtnis ; Interpersonale Kommunikation ; Kognitive Kompetenz ; Sozialer Einfluss ; Status ; Beobachter ; Zeuge
    In: Social psychology, Bd. 40 (2009) H. 3, S. 150-163, 1864-9335
    Description / Table of Contents: Examines audience-tuning effects on memory. Specifically investigates (1) if rather global perceptions and interpretations, such as a co-witness' liking for a suspect, can impact eyewitness memory for a forensically relevant incident and (2) if this impact depends on features of the audience. Participants were 64 university students (mean age 24 years). After observing a video in which the target persons could be perceived and described in varying ways, student communicators tuned their description of an employee to either an equal-status audience (a student temp) or a higher-status audience (a company board member). Though audience-tuning occurred under both conditions, a memory bias was confirmed in the equal-status condition only: Information that was not directly related to the incident had a strong effect on participants' representation of the event. When discovering that their audience favored the target person (also finding him to be less responsible for the incident), participants actually assigned a weaker penalty to him. A simple likability judgment rendered by participants' audience was enough to elicit audience-congruent biases on eyewitness' memory and judgment. These results demonstrate how audience-congruent biases influence eyewitness' memories and judgment. (ZPID).
    Type of Medium: Article
    ISSN: 1864-9335
    Language: English
    FIS Link: 890160
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  • 4
    Keywords: Gedächtnis ; Kognitive Kompetenz ; Forensische Psychologie ; Sozialer Einfluss ; Beurteilung ; Zeuge
    In: Social psychology, Bd. 40 (2009) H. 3, S. 138-149, 1864-9335
    Description / Table of Contents: Investigates the influence of global biasing information, such as a co-witness' impression of a suspect, on eyewitness memory. 80 psychology students (mean age 23 years) watched a video depicting a bar brawl involving a male target person. Subjects were then required to relate the ovserved incident to an audience which was described as either liking or disliking the target person. The audience was a generic fellow student or a student from a different study field (law). After retelling the incident to a generic fellow student who presumably disliked the target person, participants exhibited audience-congruent biases in memory and judgment. Specifically, they recalled more negative information about the target, considered him more responsible for the incident, and assigned him higher penalties. No such effects were found when participants were less motivated to create a shared view about the incident (with audiences from a different study field). Various implications of this study's results are discussed. (ZPID).
    Type of Medium: Article
    ISSN: 1864-9335
    Language: English
    FIS Link: 890161
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  • 5
    Article
    Article
    Bd. 17 (2011) H. 1, S. 3-9
    Keywords: Kultur ; Gedächtnis ; Vergessen
    In: Culture & psychology, Bd. 17 (2011) H. 1, S. 3-9, 1354-067X
    Description / Table of Contents: The article by Jens Brockmeier (2010) provides a multifaceted, well-written, and thought-provoking synopsis of challenges faced by the study of memory. There are several critical issues and unwarranted conclusions associated with key claims of the article. First of all, the author's criticism of the archival notion of memory is well made but falls short of taking into account long-standing debates and conceptual developments in the psychology of memory. Second, contrary to the author's claim, memory for past events and experiences, however accurate or biased, serves important psychological functions. Third, ignoring fundamental differences between types or systems of memory poses the risk of overgeneralized and eventually unwarranted claims about memory. Differentiation can be an important step in research progress, if it goes along with an adequate level of integration. Fourth, I argue that something like 'memory' must exist that produces learning behavior, which is ubiquitous in humans and animals. I conclude by drawing attention to the pervasiveness of memory in psychological phenomena. From this perspective, the challenges outlined in the target article are not so much due to the elusiveness or lack of substance, but rather the very pervasiveness of memory. (ZPID).
    Type of Medium: Article
    ISSN: 1354-067X
    Language: English
    FIS Link: 961571
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