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Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education, Kiel

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  • Publication Date: 2018-05-30
    Description: This report was commissioned by the European Science Foundation (ESF) in the framework of the Member Organisation Fora instrument (Member Organisations in Central and Eastern Europe) from the Aleksanteri Institute, the Centre for Russian and Eastern European Studies. The aim of the study was to identify and analyse the situation and challenges in research in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEs), particularly concerning research conducted in Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) and in the field of social sciences. The main emphasis of the report is on state-run universities. The countries under examination are Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. All these countries are members of the ESF with the exception of Latvia, which was included in the study because it was seen as an integral part of the area under investigation. The respective countries are new members of the European Union (EU). The information on each country is presented in one of the main sections in this report.
    Keywords: Sociology & anthropology ; Social sciences, sociology, anthropology ; Education ; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie ; Bildung und Erziehung ; Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Wissenschaftssoziologie, Wissenschaftsforschung, Technikforschung, Techniksoziologie ; Forschung, Forschungsorganisation ; Allgemeines zu den Sozialwissenschaften, Entwicklung und Geschichte der Sozialwissenschaften ; Sociology of Science, Sociology of Technology, Research on Science and Technology ; Research, Research Organization ; General Problems, History of the Social Sciences ; scientist ; funding ; social science ; Eastern Europe ; organization ; university ; Central Europe ; research and development ; science policy ; university policy ; research status ; structural change ; Hochschule ; Organisation ; Forschung und Entwicklung ; Sozialwissenschaft ; Forschungsstand ; Wissenschaftler ; Mitteleuropa ; Hochschulpolitik ; Wissenschaftspolitik ; Finanzierung ; Strukturwandel ; Osteuropa ; descriptive study ; documentation ; deskriptive Studie ; Dokumentation
    Type: final report , Abschlussbericht
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    Spanien | Spain
    In:  Athenea Digital: Revista de Pensamiento e Investigacion Social | 11 | 161-208
    Publication Date: 2018-05-30
    Description: Science has been adopted as an object of study by various other disciplines, among them psychology. Approaches to the 'psychology of science' can be grouped as (1) works based principally on the study of the personal characteristics of scientists in terms of types of reasoning, personality, or special capacities such as creativity that differentiate them from non-scientists; & (2) those focused more on the cognitive aspects of science, such as philosophers, epistemologists, & cognitive psychologists or scientists sharing their interests. Areas of interest include processes of normalization in science, normative aspects in processes of publication, processes of social influence & social comparison, values & beliefs in science, belief systems, science & ideology, ethics in the production of scientific knowledge, organizational context of scientific research, & science-society relations. Prominent authors & their works in these & other areas are referenced.
    Keywords: Psychology ; Psychologie ; Creativity ; Beliefs ; Research Ethics ; Social Psychology ; Science ; Organizational Research ; Social Comparison ; Ideologies ; Social Psychology ; Applied Psychology ; Sozialpsychologie ; angewandte Psychologie
    Type: journal article , Zeitschriftenartikel
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    Anderes Land | Misc. Country | Zagreb
    In:  200
    Publication Date: 2018-05-30
    Description: Papers of the International Conference "Reforms in Lisbon Strategy Implementation: Economic and Social Dimensions", was held on 3 May 2006 in Zagreb. Contents: Samardzija, V.: The Lisbon strategy in the wider European context; Randzio-Plath, Ch.: The Lisbon strategy: Framework for social reform agenda in the EU; Zgajewski, T.: The Lisbon strategy: What is wrong? Radlo, M.: The Lisbon Process inthe EU: Kesson for Croatia; Hribernik, M.: Lisgon Agenda implementation: The exemple of Slovenia; Szemler, T.; Reform programmes in Hungary: Lisbon matters? Potucek, M.: Does the Lisbon strategy matter? The Czech experience. Mimica, N.: The Lisbon agenda and the relocation of economic activites abroad: Services and the labour market.
    Keywords: Politikwissenschaft ; Political science ; Lissabon Vertrag ; Europapolitik ; European Politics ; politische Folgen ; EU-Erweiterung ; EU-Vertrag ; political impact ; EU Treaty ; EU expansion ; descriptive study ; deskriptive Studie
    Type: Konferenzband , Sammelwerk , collection , conference proceedings
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    Köln
    In:  7 | MPIfG Working Paper
    Publication Date: 2018-05-30
    Description: "Mit dem Wechsel von Zentralwirtschaft zu Marktwirtschaft mussten Gewerkschaften in osteuropäischen Ländern entscheiden, wie sie sich in den industriellen Beziehungen positionieren. Dieses Working Paper fragt, ob und warum Gewerkschaften sich strategisch für ein kooperationsorientiertes oder konfliktorientiertes Verhalten gegenüber den Arbeitgebern entschieden haben. Gegenstand der Untersuchung sind dabei die Beziehungen zwischen Arbeitgebern und Gewerkschaften auf nationaler, sektoraler und Unternehmensebene in Rumänien. Konflikthafte und kooperative Beziehungen zwischen Arbeitgebern und Gewerkschaften entwickelten sich nach 1989 parallel zueinander, mit einer höheren Tendenz zur Kooperation. Die Studie zeigt, dass nicht nur ein ideologisches Erbe und überkommene Institutionen, sondern auch die anfangs entschiedene Teilnahme an der makroökonomischen Transformation für die Entscheidung der Gewerkschaften zur Kooperation mit den Arbeitgebern ausschlaggebend waren. Die weit verbreitete Ansicht, dass Gewerkschaften in Osteuropa schwach sind, wird bestätigt. Gleichzeitig wird jedoch gezeigt, dass sie es in der Hand haben, ihre eigene Zukunft offensiv zu gestalten, vorausgesetzt, es gelingt ihnen, ihre Mitglieder zu mobilisieren. Darüber hinaus müssen Gewerkschaftsführungen fähig und willig sein, sowohl Konflikt als auch Kooperation in ihren Beziehungen zu den Arbeitgebern nutzen können. Der Vergleich der Ergebnisse aus Rumänien mit anderen osteuropäischen Ländern spiegelt den Stand der Transformation in Rumänien wider und zeichnet ebenso einen erweiterten Anwendungsbereich des der Studie zugrunde liegenden theoretischen Ansatzes." [Autorenreferat]
    Description: "The shift from centrally planned economies to market-oriented economic models presented trade unions in Eastern European countries with crucial choices in relation to their roles as industrial relations actors. This paper investigates whether (and why) unions have chosen adversarial and/or co-operative relationships with the employers, based on a strategic choice conceptual framework. It focuses on trade union relations with employers at national, sectoral and company levels in Romania. It is argued that adversarial and co-operative relations between unions and employers developed simultaneously after 1989, but co-operation was the prevalent approach. Evidence suggests that ideological legacies, former institutions and the initial decision to participate in the macroeconomic transformation played a key role in shaping unions' choices towards co-operation with employers. Although this paper confirms the widespread view that labour is rather weak in Eastern Europe, it indicates that unions can be proactive and shape their own future if they have the capacity to mobilise their members and union leaders have the skills and willingness to use both conflict and co-operation in their relationships with employers. The comparison of evidence from Romania with other Eastern European countries reflects on the stage of Romanian transformation and also illustrates a wider possible applicability of the theoretical framework employed for the study." [author's abstract]
    Keywords: Sociology & anthropology ; Social sciences, sociology, anthropology ; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie ; Soziologie, Anthropologie ; Wirtschaftssoziologie ; Arbeitswelt ; Sociology of Economics ; Working Conditions ; Gewerkschaft ; Gewerkschaftspolitik ; Osteuropa ; Rumänien ; postsozialistisches Land ; industrielle Beziehungen ; Transformation ; Sozialpartnerschaft ; Europa ; trade union ; trade union policy ; Eastern Europe ; Romania ; post-socialist country ; industrial relations ; transformation ; social partnership ; Europe ; deskriptive Studie ; Theorieanwendung ; descriptive study ; theory application
    Type: Arbeitspapier , working paper
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    Anderes Land | Misc. Country | Poznan
    In:  219
    Publication Date: 2018-05-30
    Description: Is there a clear distinction between development and decline in contemporary urban life? In this volume we argue that there is not. Irregularities of development express themselves in contrasts, and these contrasts are particularly important outside of metropolitan centres, in places where we can simultaneously observe the signs of development and the symptoms of "development of underdevelopment." The book is divided into two parts, Global and Local Contexts of the Postcommunist City, and The City in Transition—Gentrification, Revitalisation, Activisation. It presents the discussion between Polish and German researchers on the problems of decline/ development in the area of urban studies. The authors are: Jörg Dürrschmidt, Heidi Fichter-Wolf, Katrin Großmann, Annegret Haase, Sandra Huning, Thomas Knorr-Siedow, Bastian Lange, Konrad Miciukiewicz, Jarosław Mikołajec, Michal Nowosielski, Marek Nowak, Dieter Rink, Annett Steinführer, and Marcin Tujdowski.
    Keywords: Sociology & anthropology ; Soziologie, Anthropologie ; urban sociology; sociology of the city; metropolis; urban exclusion; urban activity; urban activisation; gentrification; urban shrinkage; Knowledge Cultures; Frankfurt (Oder) - Slubice; landscapes of knowledge; urban public spaces; nested urbanism; German/ Polish border city; global city; nested cities; marginalized cities; Guben/ Gubin; Katowice agglomeration; urban revitalization; Katowice conurbation; urban change; urban renewal; urban communities development; social non-movement ; Sociology of Settlements and Housing, Urban Sociology ; Siedlungssoziologie, Stadtsoziologie ; Bundesrepublik Deutschland ; Bevölkerungsentwicklung ; Polen ; Transformation ; Abwanderung ; Stadt ; neue Bundesländer ; Metropole ; öffentlicher Raum ; Strukturwandel ; grenzüberschreitende Zusammenarbeit ; Soziale Stadt ; Bevölkerungsverluste ; Segregation ; sozialer Wandel ; Exklusion ; Stadtentwicklung ; Gentrifizierung ; Ostmitteleuropa ; cross-border cooperation ; metropolis ; urban development ; Federal Republic of Germany ; New Federal States ; structural change ; transformation ; socially integrative city ; gentrification ; segregation ; population decrease ; out-migration ; population development ; town ; exclusion ; Poland ; East Central Europe ; public space ; social change
    Type: Konferenzband , conference proceedings
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  • Publication Date: 2018-05-30
    Description: Der Beitrag präsentiert erste Befunde aus dem Teilprojekt "Eigensinnige 'Kunden'. Die Auswirkungen strenger Zumutbarkeit auf die Erwerbsorientierung Arbeitsloser und prekär Beschäftigten" des SFB 580. Hauptsächlich auf eine qualitative Befragung von Beziehern des Arbeitslosengeldes II gestützt, argumentiert der Artikel vor dem Hintergrund der aktuellen underclass-Debatte. Er zeigt, dass es sich bei den Langzeitarbeitslosen keineswegs um Angehörige einer kulturell homogenen Unterschicht handelt. Ebenso wenig kann von einem breiten Verfall der Arbeitsmoral die Rede sein.
    Keywords: Wirtschaft ; Economics ; Hartz IV Arbeitsmarktreformen Unterschicht ; Berufsforschung, Berufssoziologie ; Arbeitsmarktpolitik ; Occupational Research, Occupational Sociology ; Labor Market Policy ; Bundesrepublik Deutschland ; Erwerbslosigkeit ; Dauerarbeitslosigkeit ; Arbeitsuchender ; Unterschicht ; Arbeitsloser ; Beschäftigungsbedingungen ; Exklusion ; regionaler Unterschied ; Arbeitsverhältnis ; Erwerbsverhalten ; aktivierende Arbeitsmarktpolitik ; activating labor market policy ; employment behavior ; regional difference ; unemployed person ; Federal Republic of Germany ; lower class ; exclusion ; persistent unemployment ; employment relationship ; employment conditions ; job seeker ; unemployment ; empirisch-qualitativ ; qualitative empirical
    Type: journal article , Zeitschriftenartikel
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